The interest Group on “environment and sustainable development” aims at creating a forum for discussion and for the promotion of initiatives for the benefit of scholars who deal with the various aspects of international and European environmental law and with sustainable development; with the solutions and answers that the environmental and climatic challenges are posing at the transnational level; with the issues pertaining to the implementation and enforcement of the international rules, both conventional and customary, in domestic legal systems; with the difficulties related to the transposition of European Union (EU) law within EU Member States and to the harmonisation of environmental law at the regional level.
The evolution and progressive expansion of the rules in the environmental law area is challenging scholars, as well as decision-makers, more and more. The objects of research and in-depth analysis are several, for example: (a) the interaction between science and law, which also informs the procedures of norm creation; (b) the identification of the principles and their content; (c) the governance and the instruments for the effective implementation of the international obligations at the national level as well as the regional level; (d) the relationship between human rights and the environment; (e) the relevance of international and national case-law in the evolution of the rules and principles of environmental law; (f) the procedures for the harmonisation of the rules; (g) the relevance of the so-called “technical rules”.
Other topics are new and are progressively taking centre-stage: (h) the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for sustainable development; (i) the interaction between the concepts, that are increasingly used, of “resilience”, “sustainability”, “ecological transition”; (l) the role of the informal intergovernmental cooperation (in particular, G7/G8, G20, BRICS summit) and the acts adopted therein; (m) the expansion of the areas of intervention of the regional organisations; (n) the crucial role of non-state actors in implementing global environmental objectives; (o) the innovation – including legislative innovation – which is required by the European Green Deal and by the “Fit for 55” package of the EU; (p) the constant evolution and effectiveness of the rules in the area of climate change; (q) the legal instruments of the green economy, sustainable finance, and green bond; (r) the indicators of sustainability and/or fair and sustainable well-being; (s) legal models and the experiences in the area of People first Public-Private Partnerships.
The Group will analyse the instruments and objectives of contemporary environmental law and ideally will highlight measures and modalities of innovative interventions. Particular attention will be paid to the relationship between plans and strategies adopted at different levels. This will enable, amongst other things, to assess critically the complex system adopted in Italy through the National Strategy for Sustainable Development, the National Plan for Recovery and Resilience, and the Plan Proposal for the ecologic transition.
The main activities of the Group are: 1. the promotion, development and support of new research; 2. the promotion of activities of public awareness and of the so-called “third mission” with the aim of fostering the dissemination of knowledge in international and European environmental law and in sustainable development; 3. promoting the collaboration with public and private actors, with intergovernmental organisations, with non-governmental organisations, and ideally pursuing advisory activities.